Reading 1  
 1. What is the main topic of the passage?
 (A) The method of selecting Electoral College members.
 (B) The difference between electoral voting and popular voting.
 (C) Voting controversies in American history.
 (D) The origin and voting process of the Electoral College.

 2. The framers of the Constitution created the Electoral College because 
 (A) they wanted to protect the rights of the people.
 (B) they trusted the people.
 (C) they did not want the people to have too much control over
        the election process.
 (D) they felt it best represented the wishes of the people.

 3. The word ostensibly in the passage is closest in meaning to
 (A) temporarily
 (B) apparently
 (C) exactly
 (D) theoretically

 4. How were electors selected before 1820?
 (A) By direct election.
 (B) By a testing system.
 (C) By appointment.
 (D) By random.

 5.The word erupted in the passage is closest in meaning to
 (A) exploded
 (B) resolved
 (C) occurred
 (D) disaster 

 6. The author mentions the 1876 and 1888 presidential elections as examples of
 (A) cases where presidents were elected by popular vote.
 (B) problems caused by the Electoral College.
 (C) fake election results.
 (D) political scandals.

 7. Which of the following can be inferred from the final paragraph?
 (A) Some people oppose the Electoral College.
 (B) The voting systems of other countries are superior.
 (C) Some people think the popular vote should be gotten rid of.
 (D) The will of the people is not important in the electoral process.

Reading 2  
 8. It can be inferred from the passage that during the 1930’s 
 (A) Henry Moore’s sculptures were getting popular.
 (B) Henry Moore influenced Picasso.
 (C) the abstract movement was gaining strength.
 (D) Henry Moore became a student of Picasso.

 9. The word austere in the passage is closest in meaning to
 (A) stark      
 (B) complete
 (C) powerful
 (D) strained

 10. The author states that Moore’s pieces are evocative of natural 
    landscapes to imply that
 (A) the sculptures give the impression of outdoor scenery.
 (B) the sculptures look good when placed outside.
 (C) the sculptures are more beautiful than Nature itself.
 (D) the pieces are built from natural materials.

 11. The word ample in the passage is closest in meaning to
 (A) broken
 (B) exemplary
 (C) abundant
 (D) thoughtful

 12. According to the passage, Henry Moore was influenced by all of
    the following EXCEPT
 (A) Pre-Columbian art
 (B) abstract art
 (C) landscape paintings
 (D) the Italian Renaissance

 13. Which one of the following sentences should NOT be included in 
    a summary of the passage?
 (A) Henry Moore’s style was influenced by a variety of 
    artistic backgrounds.
 (B) The work of Henry Moore has contributed to the beauty
    of modern towns and cities.
 (C) Picasso and others are what made the abstract movement
    so popular in the 1930’s.
 (D) The prevailing theme of Henry Moore’s work is the 
    harmony between Nature and humanity.

 14. According to the passage, which of the following statements
    about Henry Moore is NOT true?
 (A) He was a soldier before he was a university student.
 (B) His talents were not confined to sculpting alone.
 (C) He was open to learning from other artists.
 (D) He was not influenced by Pre-Columbian art until later in his life. 

Reading 3  
 15. What is the main topic of the passage? 
 (A) Two artistic techniques
 (B) Two methods of carving
 (C) How to make a cast
 (D) Modern sculpture

 16. The word characteristics in the passage is closest in meaning to
 (A) blocks of marble
 (B) qualities
 (C) processes
 (D) scale models

 17. Why does the author mention Michelangelo's David in paragraph 1?
 (A) David was a great sculptor
 (B) David is a masterpiece of carving
 (C) Michelangelo invented the technique of carving
 (D) It was created three years ago

 18. The word invaluable in the passage is closest in meaning to
 (A) priceless
 (B) inexpensive
 (C) time-consuming
 (D) saleable

 19. Which of the following is not a step in the casting process?
 (A) The mold is put back together
 (B) Plaster is used to create a mold
 (C) A model of the piece is created
 (D) The mold is painted

 20. It can be inferred from the passage that the mold used in the casting
 (A) is a high-quality work of art
 (B) doesn't play a role in the casting process
 (C) is destroyed in the production of the cast
 (D) is usually made of clay