Henry Spencer Moore is generally regarded as the greatest sculptor of the 20th century. He is most renowned for his large sculptures of the reclining human form, many of which can be seen in museums and public spaces around the world. Moore was born in Castleford, Yorkshire on July 30, 1898. He displayed a talent and interest in sculpture from a very early age. After serving in World War I, he attended Leeds College of Art, and then later won a scholarship to study at the Royal College of Art in London. During the formative stages of his artistic development, his greatest influences were from the Pre-Columbian works of the indigenous American people, figural stylists of the Italian Renaissance, such as Massacio and Michelangelo, and from the smooth, rounded shapes of the Romanian-born French master, Constantin Brancusi. Moore’s style displayed organic, flowing forms. During the 1930’s when abstract art was gaining popularity, he became influenced by the work of Picasso and others. His style became abstract and minimal, consisting mainly of plain, simplified shapes and austere construction. Moore gained most of his inspiration from Nature, and one of his lifelong concerns was the relationship between the landscape and the human figure. Some representative works include Reclining Figure (1929) and Recumbent Figure (1938), which depict the human form in abstract but recognizable terms. The soft curves and flowing hollows of these pieces are evocative of natural landscapes. During World War II, Moore completed a series of drawings illustrating the horrors of war. Afterwards, he returned to his sculpting, which he pursued until his death in 1986. During his ample career, he completed many public commissions, which can now be viewed in places like Paris, New York, and Washington D.C.