Henry Spencer Moore is generally regarded as the greatest 
sculptor of the 20th century. He is most renowned for his large
sculptures of the reclining human form, many of which can be seen
in museums and public spaces around the world. 

     Moore was born in Castleford, Yorkshire on July 30, 1898. He 
displayed a talent and interest in sculpture from a very early 
age. After serving in World War I, he attended Leeds College of
Art, and then later won a scholarship to study at the Royal 
College of Art in London.  

     During the formative stages of his artistic development, his 
greatest influences were from the Pre-Columbian works of the
indigenous American people, figural stylists of the Italian 
Renaissance, such as Massacio and Michelangelo, and from the 
smooth, rounded shapes of the Romanian-born French master, 
Constantin Brancusi. Moore’s style displayed organic, flowing 
forms. During the 1930’s when abstract art was gaining 
popularity, he became influenced by the work of Picasso and 
others. His style became abstract and minimal, consisting mainly
of plain, simplified shapes and austere construction. 

     Moore gained most of his inspiration from Nature, and one of his
lifelong concerns was the relationship between the landscape and
the human figure. Some representative works include Reclining
Figure (1929) and Recumbent Figure (1938), which depict the 
human form in abstract but recognizable terms. The soft curves 
and flowing hollows of these pieces are evocative of natural

     During World War II, Moore completed a series of drawings 
illustrating the horrors of war. Afterwards, he returned to his
sculpting, which he pursued until his death in 1986. During his
ample career, he completed many public commissions, which can 
now be viewed in places like Paris, New York, and Washington D.C.